Her mother died when Harriet was five years old, and her father remarried a year later; her stepmother would give birth to four more children. Harriet often visited at the home of her widowed maternal grandmother and unmarried aunt, who instructed her in religion and taught her needlework.
She was the seventh of nine children born to Roxana Foote Beecher, the granddaughter of a Revolutionary general, and Lyman Beecher, a blacksmith's son and Congregational minister. Her mother died when Harriet was five years old, and her father remarried a year later; her stepmother would give birth to four more children.
Harriet often visited at the home of her widowed maternal grandmother and unmarried aunt, who instructed her in religion and taught her needlework. Her mother and aunts, although necessarily practiced in domestic skills like spinning and weaving, had also been unusually well educated for young women of their time, and Harriet's early association with the Foote family probably contributed not only to the intellectual curiosity she would have all her life, but also to her confidence that she could combine a career as writer with that of housewife and mother.
At the age of six, Harriet entered primary school and two years later was enrolled in the Litchfield Female Academy. She seems in some ways to have been a rather odd little girl, bright and talented in her schoolwork but also full of mischief, shy but at the same time hungry for attention.
Fortunately, her father was proud of her intelligence and imagination. He encouraged her progress in school; indeed, he was to be supportive of her all his life, and the entire Beecher family was to remain close.
Harriet Beecher Stowe: Harriet Beecher Stowe, American writer and philanthropist, the author of the novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, which contributed so much to popular feeling against slavery that it is cited among the causes of the American Civil War. Learn more about Stowe’s life and work. Harriet Beecher Stowe was a writer from youth to old age, encouraged by her family and sustained by the conviction that she could accomplish social and moral good in this way, just as her father, husband, and brothers could by preaching and teaching. Her father, Frederick Beecher Perkins was a relative of well-known and influential Beecher family, including the writer Harriet Beecher Stowe. But he abandoned the family, leaving Charlotte's Born: Jul 03,
At thirteen, after listening to one of her father's sermons, Harriet experienced a personal "conversion" and committed herself to Christianity, a commitment she would renew throughout her life.
At about the same age, Harriet moved to the larger city of Hartford, Connecticut, and entered the Hartford Female Seminary, a private secondary school founded a few years earlier by her older sister Catharine Beecher.
Harriet was to remain until she was 21, first as a student and, from toas a teacher. One of the first American schools for women, the seminary featured classes in many traditional male school subjects such as grammar, composition, English literature, logic, rhetoric and oratory, Latin, and ethics, as well as French, Italian, drawing, and music.
Catharine also emphasized the sciences, which she believed were slighted in women's education; her pupils' studies included chemistry, "natural philosophy" what we would probably call "earth science"geometry, and astronomy.
They also studied geography, and in her last year at the Hartford school, Harriet wrote and published a geography textbook that would remain in print for some years and be adopted by numerous schools.
Early Writing and Marriage Harriet's first non-academic writing was in letters through which she attempted to express her feelings and beliefs clearly and movingly. Another vehicle for writing, slightly more public, was the unofficial school newspaper, which Harriet edited briefly when she was 14 and for which she wrote frequently.
The paper's subjects were mostly playful and humorous or satirical, giving her practice at the irony that would mark the best of her adult writing.
Harriet, Catharine, and four more of their siblings traveled with him and his wife by stagecoach. Harriet, just turned 21, would spend her next 18 years in Cincinnati. Within a short while of her arrival in Cincinnati, Harriet was invited to join a social and literary club the "Semicolons"an informal group whose members gathered to read aloud from each other's contributions, mostly short, lighthearted, often satirical prose sketches and essays or verse.
In this production of what her biographer Joan D. Hedrick calls "parlor literature," Harriet continued to shape herself as a writer. Among the other members of the "Semicolons" were a young biblical scholar and professor, Calvin Stowe, and his wife Eliza.
Eliza and Harriet became close friends. But in August ofwhile Harriet was visiting relatives in the East, Eliza Stowe died of cholera. Within eight months of his wife's death, Calvin proposed to Harriet, and they were married in January of In September of that year, Harriet gave birth to twin girls, and sixteen months later to a baby boy.
In all, she was to have seven children and numerous miscarriages between and Her second-to-last child, baby Charley, would die in at 18 months of cholera. Although hardly an unusual event for the time when infant mortality was still very high, Harriet and her husband suffered intense grief, and this loss would be reflected two years later in the writing of Uncle Tom's Cabin, both in the famous death scene of the saintly child Eva and in the author's identification throughout the novel with parents whose children were taken forcibly from them by the terrible system of slavery.
ByHarriet's geography textbook had sold widely to schools, and she saw that writing could supplement her husband's income. Beginning even before her marriage, Harriet published short fiction in popular magazines and church periodicals, and inHarper Brothers publishers brought out The Mayflower, a collection of her stories and sketches.
She also wrote religious pamphlets and essays in literary criticism. Less than a year after the death of her sixth child, pregnant with her seventh, Harriet left Cincinnati for Brunswick, Maine, where her husband had accepted a teaching post. She had written very little for five years and had never attempted a long work of fiction, but now she was about to begin the book that would make her famous and would influence antislavery sentiment not only in the United States but around the world as well.
Stowe's Masterpiece and Other Works Harriet's family and friends had been involved in antislavery activities in Cincinnati, where there was fierce debate and some violence not only between pro- and antislavery activists but also among antislavery factions.
At least one of Harriet's brothers was a radical abolitionist, while other Beechers, her father among them, were "colonizationists," favoring a "gradual" approach to freeing slaves, who would then be returned to African colonies.
Harriet seems to have agreed, at least partly, with the latter view, but she became more radical at the beginning of the s. In part, this may have been because of her child's death and her anxious attachment to the baby born a year later. The inhumanity of a system that separated parents from their children without recourse must have struck her as never before through this event in her personal life.
At about the same time, Congress passed a Fugitive Slave Law, requiring that people who had escaped from slavery into the free states of the North be returned to captivity.
This latest federal compromise with the slaveholding states of the South, along with Harriet's personal loss, seems to have energized her creatively, and when the editor of the antislavery periodical The National Era invited her to write something for his journal, she began to send him installments of Uncle Tom's Cabin.Harriet Elisabeth Beecher Stowe ( - ) was an abolitionist and author, distinguished by her formative anti-slavery novel published in , Uncle Tom's Cabin; or, Life Among the Lowly.
Immediately after its release, the vivid account of the lives of slaves and their inhumane treatment by slave owners had a profound impact on Americans' public opinion and is widely credited with fueling the abolitionist .
Harriet Beecher Stowe, –96, American novelist and humanitarian, b. Litchfield, Conn. Litchfield, Conn. With her novel Uncle Tom 's Cabin, she stirred the conscience of Americans concerning slavery and thereby influenced the course of American history.
Harriet was the sixth of 11 children born to influential minister, Rev. Lyman Beecher (). In addition to this Stowe was also the sixth of her mother's, .
Harriet Elisabeth Beecher Stowe was a famous author and abolitionist. She is best known for her novel, Uncle Tom’s Cabin (), which presents the conditions of enslaved African-Americans. Harriet Elisabeth Beecher Stowe (/ s t oʊ /; June 14, – July 1, ) was an American abolitionist and author.
She came from the Beecher family, a famous religious family, and is best known for her novel Uncle Tom's Cabin (), which depicts the harsh conditions for enslaved African Americans. Harriet Beecher was born in Litchfield, Connecticut, on June 13, She was the seventh of nine children born to Roxana Foote Beecher, the granddaughter of a Revolutionary general, and Lyman Beecher, a blacksmith's son and Congregational minister.