The term reflected the combination of outward wealth and dazzle with inner corruption and poverty. They stress greed, scandals, and corruption of the Gilded Age. They set in motion developments that would shape the country for generations—the reunification of the South and North, the integration of four million newly freed African Americans, westward expansion, immigration, industrialization, urbanization. It was also a period of reform, in which many Americans sought to regulate corporations and shape the changes taking place all around them.
During the first 30 years of the s, American Industry was truly born. Household manufacturing was almost universal in colonial days, with local craftsmen providing for their communities.
This new era introduced factories, with machines and predetermined tasks, producing items to be shipped and sold elsewhere. InSamuel Slater built the first factory in America, based on the secrets of textile manufacturing he brought from England.
He built a cotton-spinning mill in Pawtucket, Rhode Island, soon run by water-power. Over the next decade textiles was the dominant industry in the country, with hundreds of companies created.
InOliver Evans of Philadelphia developed a high-pressure steam engine that was adaptable to a great variety of industrial purposes. Within a few years it powered ships, sawmills, flour mills, printing presses as well as textile factories.
InEli Whitney, who had invented the cotton gin incontributed one of the most important elements of the industrial age. He came up with the idea of making guns using interchangeable parts. The idea of interchangeable parts had been raised in Europe, but it took an American to successfully commercialize the concept.
A potato famine during the mid s brought many Irish immigrants to American shores.
Here, they played a huge part in the Industrial Revolution as well as Westward Expansion. The concept was seized by industry after industry. Canal and railway construction played an important role in transporting people and cargo west, increasing the size of the US marketplace.
With the new infrastructure even remote parts of the country gained the ability to communicate and establish trade relationships with the centers of commerce in the East. The new industrialization was very expensive. Out of the need for money grew the corporation. Yet, the Industrial Revolution would not have been possible without one further ingredient — people.
Canals and railways needed thousands of people to build them. Business schemes required people to execute them. The number of projects and businesses under development was enormous.
The demand for labor was satisfied, in part, by millions of immigrants from Ireland, Germany, and elsewhere. As is often the case when there is a mass immigration, there was a great deal of resistance.
Old and new political parties took strong positions on the rights of immigrants. Ultimately these positions hardened, leading to major political changes in America.Get the latest news and analysis in the stock market today, including national and world stock market news, business news, financial news and more.
The society of the United States is based on Western culture, and has been developing since long before the United States became a country with its own unique social and cultural characteristics such as dialect, music, arts, social habits, cuisine, folklore, etc.
In the iron industry, Pennsylvania's furnaces and rolling mills were fast supplanting small local forges. In , Oliver Evans of Philadelphia developed a high-pressure steam engine that was adaptable to a great variety of industrial purposes.
Within a few years it powered ships, sawmills, flour mills, printing presses as well as textile factories. From the American System to Mass Production, The Development of Manufacturing Technology in the United States (Studies in Industry and Society) Paperback – September 1, ASHRAE History.
ASHRAE was formed as the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers by the merger in of American Society of Heating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHAE) founded in and The American Society of Refrigerating Engineers (ASRE) founded in In the history of the mankind, the need of resources was the most important factor for political, technological, economic, social evolutions.
In modern times need of energy resources become more significant than other industries who were more important during the past like the production of wood.