Breast milk research paper

The problem of breastfeeding is very complicated, because the process of feeding is not only the supply with the food and essential microelements, but a physiological and psychological unity between the mother and the baby.

Breast milk research paper

Both sides have been guilty of such cruel propaganda. Adamant breast milk advocates have warned inaccurately that bottle-fed babies do not emotionally bond to their mothers as well.

This has been especially painful to adoptive mothers and others who, for biological reasons, cannot nurse their babies.

In fact, this has led to infant malnutrition and diarrhea as poor parents, who used their meager funds to buy the unneeded formula to help their babies, prepared it in unsanitary conditions and with contaminated water.

This has become an even more complex issue in recent years since HIV can be passed from mother to child through breast milk in those babies who are born healthy but whose mothers have an HIV infection.

An average bottle-fed baby will thrive as well as a breast-fed baby. Each approach has advantages and disadvantages.

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If the mother is well-fed, breast milk is an idea diet for a newborn. It has all a baby needs for growth during the first few months of life, with the possible exception of fluoride and Vitamin D, which are easily given as supplements. Talk to your pediatrician about that.

Breast-feeding has some biochemical advantages as well. This may protect him against certain viruses. Breast milk is sterile, readily available to the mother, at leastand you never have to worry about its temperature. Although many but not all babies will try to nurse immediately after birth, their efforts meet with varying success.

Extracting milk from a breast takes a bit of coordination. Bottles present less of a problem that way. An experienced nurse will be able to share some tips to help your baby get the hang of it without becoming too frustrated.

Instead, gently insert a finger between his lips and your breast to break the vacuum. Many women find breast-feeding a warm, soothing or even erotic experience.

It is a special time for them to feel close to their babies and revel in their new relationship.

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Others find it a frustrating, exhausting, and occasionally painful process. As the weeks go on, they find themselves resenting the constant demands from their babies and the changes in their bodies.

They may need to return to work within several weeks following their delivery, and may not have a place to express and store their milk during the day. There are numerous books to help mothers cope with these problems.

The most important thing to remember is that deciding now to breast-feed your baby, or being unable to do so, does not make you a bad parent! There are advantages and disadvantages to bottle-feeding as well.

Breast milk research paper

So can grandparents, baby-sitters, and others who want to get in on the act. One of the advantages of bottle-feeding is that it allows fathers to spend more time caring for their baby. That not only helps the father-child relationship, it can prevent feelings of jealously and resentment as well.

Many first-time parents who use a formula choose the brand that they saw being used in their hospital. Bear in mind that formula makers, like pain-reliever and disposable-diaper manufacturers, are acutely aware of this tendency, and will offer hospitals extremely low prices in the hope that parents will stick with the same brand over the coming months.

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Lawrence Kutner is a nationally known clinical psychologist who teaches at Harvard Medical School, where he's co-founder and co-director of the Harvard Medical School Center for Mental Health and Media.

He's the author of five books, including: All articles appearing here originally were published on www. Retrieved on November 27,from https:In a survey of 15, adolescents ages 9 to 14 (8, girls and 7, boys), the authors found that those who were fed predominantly breast milk in the first six months of life were 22% less likely to be overweight 9 to 14 years later.

She is a Principal Research Fellow at the Judith Lumley Centre (formerly Mother & Child Health Research), La Trobe University and is Editor-in-Chief of open access journal, Infants who do not receive breast milk are likely to experience poorer health outcomes than breastfed infants; mothers who do not breastfeed increase their own health.

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Published: Fri, 12 May Human milk is uniquely engineered for human infants, and is the biologically or natural way to feed infants. Breastfeeding, in comparison to feeding breast milk substitutes such as infant formula, has numerous health benefits.

This research includes efforts to understand nutritional components of breast milk, as well as its bioactive components—those that have an effect on cells and tissues—and how these components contribute to development and protect against disease.

Breast milk research paper

Breastfeeding is the form of child feeding, which is supposed to be the single natural and physiological way of feeding a new problem of breastfeeding is very complicated, because the process of feeding is not only the supply with the food and essential microelements, but a physiological and psychological unity between the mother and the baby.

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