Rhetoric and Composition The concept of a discourse community is vital to academic writers across nearly all disciplines, for the academic writer's purpose is to influence a discourse community to think differently. At the same time the discourse community does not expect to see any writing that appears too foreign. For this reason the academic writer must follow the constraints see article section below set by the discourse community so his or her ideas earn approval and respect. Discourse community constraints[ edit ] Constraints are the discourse community's written and unwritten conventions about what a writer can say and how he or she can say it.
UTMB Galveston Chapter Preface As a researcher of mobbing in academic institutions, I follow up on cases I have analyzed and keep an eye out for apparent new ones, gathering thereby more data for suggesting and testing hypotheses about this momentous social process.
Studying the news reports below and following the links is a good way to gain a grasp of academic mobbing as a field of scholarly inquiry and practical concern.
Anyone looking for additional cases can search through the sources linked at left. Given how politicized higher education in North America has become, I should emphasize that mobbings may occur from the left commonly for alleged transgressions of political correctnessfrom the right for allegedly immoral or unpatriotic actsor from local coalitions that have little to do with broad political currents.
I should also emphasize that few mobbing targets indeed, few humans are wholly innocent of mistakes and faults. Many victims of lynching in the old South were guilty of serious crimes, but that does not alter the fact that they were lynched.
Web surfers who reach this page without prior study of the field of workplace mobbing may want first to visit the parent page of this website. Suggestions and links for additional reports on academic mobbings for summarizing here are welcome, and best sent to me by email. See John Sugg's analysis of the conclusion of the case against Al-Arian in At last report, Al-Arian he should be released from prison about the end ofand then deported from the United States.
Al-Arian's case lends credence to the view that if professionals in the academic and court systems want badly enough to get rid of a mobbing target, they will not be deterred by juries that disagree.
Southern Illinois Carbondale Jonathan Bean on guard, surviving at Southern Illinois Carbondale Historian Jon Bean's prolific scholarship is well received and most students have great respect for him, enough to have won him a teaching award, but leftist professors in his department ganged up to discredit this more conservative scholar in The effort backfired, and Bean has continued in his position.
A good example of lateral, horizontal, or collegial mobbing. For more about the campaign to run Bean out of his job, see John Gravois's article in the Chronicle of Higher Education and my supplement to that article, The Story behind the Story.
The group was led by Mark Schneider Sociology. In his article in the Chronicle of Higher Education, John Gravois described at some length the troubles of math educator Jerry Becker, and referred also to Elisabeth Reichert's case.
I refer to them as well in my Story behind the Story. University of Saskatchewan Stephen Berman ousted from University of Saskatchewan The Canadian press reported in February of that an arbitration tribunal had upheld the dismissal of Stephen Berman, a year faculty veteran at the University of Saskatchewan.
Berman is arguably the most distinguished mathematician in the province. The grounds for dismissing him were that he had posted fake ratings to the popular website, ratemyprofessors. Close reading of the tribunal documents persuades me that this dismissal was a remarkably clear case of academic scapegoating.
My analysis of the Berman dismissal on the basis of the official documents has been available online since December ; published with it are critical responses by professors in Berman's former department.
Berman is one of a number of mobbed mathematicians who have come to my attention. Sheffield University Aubrey Blumsohn is forced out, starts blogging Should a scientist get to inspect the raw data underlying a research report published under that scientist's name?
Does a scientist control the writing of which he or she is shown as author? He was suspended from his university position on grounds that his "conduct over these past months amounts to and constitutes conduct that is quite incompatible with the duties of office.
Blumsohn resigned from Sheffield University in Virginia Polytechnic and State University Seung-Hui Cho goes postal, killing 32 and himself Very few mobbing targets go postal, but when one does, condemnation of the perpetrator's flawed identity tends to displace understanding of the tragedy in terms of background and context.
Click here for a contextual analysis of the massacre at Virginia Tech in the spring ofperpetrated by a graduating student in the English Department, Seung-Hui Cho. University of Colorado Boulder Firestorm over Churchill Professorial mobbings may be instigated by administrators, colleagues, students, people off-campus, or any combination thereof.
The campaign against Ward Churchill, Professor and Chair of Ethnic Studies at the University of Colorado, arose initially among right-wing journalists and political groups far from his home university. As the witch hunt progressed in following months, Churchill was accused of plagiarism, research fraud, and falsification of his claimed Indian identity.
The campaign to dismiss him from the faculty of the University of Colorado followed a long and tortuous route, succeeding only in Churchill then appealed to the courts, winning a jury verdict but to no avail.
One voice of reason in the fanatic anti-Churchill campaign belonged to Thomas Brown, a sociology professor at Lamar University. Brown circulated a sober, factual paper documenting egregious mistakes in Churchill's historical scholarship.
To that extent, in a well-timed academic intervention, he joined Churchill's mobbers. Brown also, however, published an essay of remarkable breadth and balance, "Is Ward Churchill the New Michael Bellesiles?
For the May verdict of a faculty panel on the administration's effort to dismiss Churchill, see the summary in insidehighered or better yet, read the full report. Gary Witherspoon published a pointed critique of Churchill's formal dismissal from the university in Four years later, on November 5,I received an email from David S.
Clarke, Editor of Knowledge, Technology, and Policy: Parts of it started dribbles of sweat down my back as it described exactly the hell I went through. Clarke and I were in touch occasionally over the next three years, during which he relocated from Carbondale to Guidel, a Breton village in western France.Communism, political and economic doctrine that aims to replace private property and a profit-based economy with public ownership and communal control of at least the major means of production (e.g., mines, mills, and factories) and the natural resources of a society.
Communism is thus a form of socialism—a higher and more advanced form, according to its advocates. Writing a Newspaper Article. Teach students to turn their research and interviews into vibrant, interesting stories. Grades. You want to make sure your writing tells a story with a beginning, middle, and end.
A thesaurus is like a dictionary except that it groups words within constellations of meaning.
It is often useful in discovering just the right word you need to express what you want to say. Article writing is an art, and it’s not everybody cup of tea. Though when it comes to Blogging, anyone can write an article ignoring quality as a metric here. But to stand out from the general crowd, a normal article can never take you to the next stage.
As a Freelance writer, you will not be able. Databases. Kent Library offers a wide variety of databases to help with your research. If you are looking for articles from a specific field or disciple, use the “Databases by Subject” list.