Stravinsky in 20th century music

Igor Stravinsky Biography Igor Stravinsky was a Russian composer who revolutionised 20th-century music, and provoked riots with The Rite of Spring. Life and Music Stravinsky composed masterpieces in almost every genre, most notably an incomparable series of ballet scores.

Stravinsky in 20th century music

See Article History Alternative Title: Nevertheless his own musical aptitude emerged quite slowly. As a boy he was given lessons in piano and music theory.

But then he studied law and philosophy at St. Petersburg University graduating inand only gradually did he become aware of his vocation for musical composition.

In he showed some of his early pieces to the composer Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov whose son Vladimir was a fellow law studentand Rimsky-Korsakov was sufficiently impressed to agree to take Stravinsky as a private pupil, while at the same time advising him not to enter the conservatory for conventional academic training.

In February a short but brilliant orchestral piece, the Scherzo fantastique was performed in St. For the ballet season Diaghilev approached Stravinsky again, this time commissioning the musical score for a new full-length ballet on the subject of the Firebird. This work showed how fully he had assimilated the flamboyant Romanticism and orchestral palette of his master.

Meanwhile, Stravinsky had conceived the idea of writing a kind of symphonic pagan ritual to be called Great Sacrifice. The result was The Rite of Spring Le Sacre du printempsthe composition of which was spread over two years — This highly original composition, with its shifting and audacious rhythms and its unresolved dissonanceswas an early modernist landmark.

But he himself was already moving away from such post-Romantic extravagances, and world events of the next few years only hastened that process. He had married his cousin Catherine Nossenko inand, after the premiere of The Firebird inhe brought her and their two children to France.

'Something of genius'

The war also effectively marooned him in Switzerland, where he and his family had regularly spent their winters, and it was there that they spent most of the war. The Russian Revolution of October finally extinguished any hope Stravinsky may have had of returning to his native land.

By Stravinsky was exploring a more restrained and austerethough no less vibrantly rhythmic kind of musical composition. His musical production in the following years is dominated by sets of short instrumental and vocal pieces that are based variously on Russian folk texts and idioms and on ragtime and other style models from Western popular or dance music.

He expanded some of these experiments into large-scale theatre pieces. The Wedding, a ballet cantata begun by Stravinsky in but completed only in after years of uncertainty over its instrumentationis based on the texts of Russian village wedding songs.

But his voluntary exile from Russia prompted him to reconsider his aesthetic stance, and the result was an important change in his music—he abandoned the Russian features of his early style and instead adopted a Neoclassical idiom. The Stravinskys left Switzerland in and lived in France untiland Stravinsky spent much of this time in Paris.

He took French citizenship in These pieces combine a Neoclassical approach to style with what seems a self-conscious severity of line and texture.

Stravinsky in 20th century music

Though the dry urbanity of this approach is softened in such later instrumental pieces as the Violin Concerto in D MajorConcerto for Two Solo Pianos —35and the Concerto in E-flat or Dumbarton Oaks concerto for 16 wind instrumentsa certain cool detachment persists.

In Stravinsky experienced a religious conversion that had a notable effect on his stage and vocal music. A religious strain can be detected in such major works as the operatic oratorio Oedipus Rexwhich uses a libretto in Latin, and the cantata Symphony of Psalmsan overtly sacred work that is based on biblical texts.

In Stravinsky wrote his autobiography. Like his six later collaborations with Robert Craft, a young American conductor and scholar who worked with him afterthis work is factually unreliable.Stravinsky's work caused a scandal in but has since been recognised as one of the 20th century's most important pieces Published: 27 May Rite that caused riots: celebrating years of.

Now Playing

Offer, 20th Century Music: Hindemith, Klemperer, Stravinsky & Weill. It was a source of pride that he brought so many works by Stravinsky, born three years and dying two years before him, to the public and this continued even when Stravinsky and Klemperer were in America where the Symphony in Three Movements was written.

Hindemith, too, was. >Igor Stravinsky. Scriabin, a piano virtuoso, infused his music with mysticism and evolved a modernistic idiom through which he created a musical counterpart to the Symbolist literature of the period.

Check out Stravinsky Conducts Music for Chamber and Jazz Ensembles by Igor Stravinsky on Amazon Music. Stream ad-free or purchase CD's and MP3s now on Music History a Guide to Western Composers and their Music from the Middle Ages to the Present.

April 21ST CENTURY MUSIC April Volume 20, Number 4 MARK ALBURGER Sergei Prokofiev to 1 PHILLIP GEORGE To Opus 50 for 13 Composers 3 ADAM BRONER Opus 2 at Berkeley Arts Festival 9 CALENDAR For April 11 CHRONICLE Of February 11 ILLUSTRATIONS i, iv, 2 Sergei Prokofiev 3 Bela Bartok 4 Igor Stravinsky, Anton Webern 5 Alban Berg, Sergei Prokofiev 10 .

Igor Stravinsky | Biography, Music, & Facts |