The history and nature of robotics and robots

Human—computer interaction — a study, planning and design of the interaction between people users and computers Human robot interaction — a study of interactions between humans and robots Kinematics — study of motionas applied to robots. This includes both the design of linkages to perform motion, their power, control and stability; also their planning, such as choosing a sequence of movements to achieve a broader task.

The history and nature of robotics and robots

Described as a "scholar, inventor, mechanical engineer, craftsman, artist, mathematician and astronomer," he built automated peacocks, drink-serving waitresses, and servants — all of them powered by water.

Pictured here is his Robot Band, which is a "boat with four automatic musicians that floated on a lake to entertain guests at royal drinking parties. Leonardo da Vinci's robot A recreation of a suit of robotic armor based on Leonard da Vinci's sketches.

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Wikimedia Commons Famed inventor Leonardo da Vinci created plans for this humanoid robot in It was to be a mechanical knight that could move its head, jaw and arms.

According to da Vinci's drawingsit could even sit up. Pictured here is a recreation of da Vinci's robot, built in by researchers in Milan. Spinning Mule The spinning mule. Wikimedia Commons Early robots were born from the need to build machines that could assist mankind in time-consuming tasks.

Samuel Crompton's Spinning Mule was a variation of the Spinning Jenny, an invention in that greatly increased production speed for the weaving industry. The Spinning Mule was the first automated, power-driven meaning by man spinning machine.

The history and nature of robotics and robots

It could weave up to threads at once. Described as "an automatic, mechanical calculator designed to tabulate polynomial functions," it is considered one of the earliest "programmable" machines. It was powered by simply cranking a handle.

The London Science Museum created this machine based on Babbage's plans, completing it in Gakutensoku Gakutensoku, Japan's first robot.

Wikimedia Commons Gakutensoku, translated as "learning from the laws of nature," was the first robot to be built in Osaka, Japan, in Created by biologist Makoto Nishimurathe robot could move its face, head and hands via an air-pressure system.

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Gakutensoku went missing during a tour of Germany in the s. Inthe Osaka Science Museum created a replica. Unimate The Unimate was the first industrial robot.

The history and nature of robotics and robots

Around this time, robots also became prominent in the industrial sector. Pictured here is the Unimate, the first industrial robot.

The concept for Unimate was developed by inventor George Devol — who died at the age of 99 in August — and General Motors bought the device, installing it on an assembly line in Shakey Shakey the robot on display the Computer History Museum.

Shakey could receive instructions by keyboard and then break down the request into a series of tasks.Robots are ancient history, over 2, years in fact. The history of robotics stretches back 2, years.

The first robot was a steam-powered “pigeon,” created around to BCE by the ancient Greek mathematician Archytas, known as the father of engineering.

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Robotics and nature, from primitive creatures to human intelligence Masoud Ghaffari and Ernest L. Hall Center for Robotics Research University of Cincinnati. Many of today's robots are inspired by nature contributing to the field of bio-inspired robotics.

The word "robot" was introduced to the public by Czech writer Karel Čapek in his play R.U.R.

The History of Robots

(Rossum's Universal Robots), published in The History of Robots The definition of “robot” has been confusing from the very beginning. The word first appeared in , in Karel Capek’s play R.U.R., or Rossum's Universal Robots.

Less like robots and more like androids or cyborgs because of their biological nature, these synthetic people work for humans but eventually organize an uprising, causing the extinction of humans.

Robotics is a branch of engineering that involves the conception, design, manufacture, and operation of robots. This field overlaps with electronics, computer science, artificial intelligence, mechatronics, nanotechnology and bioengineering.

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