Testimonials Overview of Learning Styles Many people recognize that each person prefers different learning styles and techniques. Learning styles group common ways that people learn.
Introspection This area has to do with introspective and self-reflective capacities. It seems to me that the individual who is readily able to recognize flora and fauna, to make other consequential distinctions in the natural world, and to use this ability productively in hunting, in farming, in biological science is exercising an important intelligence and one that is not adequately encompassed in the current list.
This ability was clearly of value in our evolutionary past as hunters, gatherersand farmers ; it continues to be central in such roles as botanist or chef.
Spiritual intelligence Gardner did not want to commit to a spiritual intelligence, but suggested that an "existential" intelligence may be a useful construct, also proposed after the original 7 in his book.
For example, the theory postulates that a child who learns to multiply easily is not necessarily more intelligent than a child who has more difficulty on this task.
The child who takes more time to master multiplication may best learn to multiply through a different approach, may excel in a field outside mathematics, or may be looking at and understanding the multiplication process at a fundamentally deeper level.
This challenges the notion of fixed or static intelligence levels that general intelligence tests measure. More importantly, it challenges the notion that intelligence test scores are an accurate predictor for future ability. Definition of intelligence[ edit ] One major criticism of the theory is that it is ad hoc: This practice has been criticized by Robert J.
Sternberg  Eysenck and Scarr. He originally defined it as the ability to solve problems that have value in at least one culture, or as something that a student is interested in. He then added a disclaimer that he has no fixed definition, and his classification is more of an artistic judgment than fact: Gardner argues this causes the former to be needlessly aggrandized.
Certain critics are wary of this widening of the definition, saying that it ignores "the connotation of intelligence Thus, studying intelligence becomes difficult, because it diffuses into the broader concept of ability or talent.
Defenders of the MI theory would argue that this is simply a recognition of the broad scope of inherent mental abilities, and that such an exhaustive scope by nature defies a one-dimensional classification such as an IQ value.
The theory and definitions have been critiqued by Perry D. Klein as being so unclear as to be tautologous and thus unfalsifiable.
Having a high musical ability means being good at music while at the same time being good at music is explained by having a high musical ability.
He agrees with Gardner that there are indeed domains of intelligence that are relevantly autonomous of each other. All of these processes are integral components of general intelligence that regulate the functioning and development of different domains of intelligence.
Their functioning both channels and influences the operation of the general processes. In this context, humans are contrasted to social insects that indeed have a distributed "intelligence" of specialists, and such insects may spread to climates resembling that of their origin but the same species never adapt to a wide range of climates from tropical to temperate by building different types of nests and learning what is edible and what is poisonous.We share evidence and practitioner-based learning strategies that empower you to improve K education.
For more information about the theory of Multiple Intelligences, check out our in-depth article: Multiple Intelligences: and explore sample activities related to different intelligence types.
Realising that we all have different paths to more efficiently learning (and understanding) that can help us feel more positive (and optimistic) about learning. Understanding the difference between learning styles and Multiple Intelligences can help us find the most effective .
Intelligence tests and psychometrics have generally found high correlations between different aspects of intelligence, rather than the low correlations which Gardner's theory predicts, supporting the prevailing theory of general intelligence rather than multiple intelligences (MI). Multiple Intelligences.
Howard Gardner of Harvard has identified seven distinct intelligences. This theory has emerged from recent cognitive research and "documents the extent to which students possess different kinds of minds and therefore learn, remember, perform, and understand in different ways," according to Gardner ().
One common misconception about multiple intelligences is that it means the same thing as learning styles. Instead, multiple intelligences represents different intellectual abilities.
Learning styles, according to Howard Gardner, are the ways in which an individual approaches a range of tasks. Understanding multiple intelligences and learning styles can give educators powerful information for designing lessons that meet students' diverse needs.
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